Given its considerable contribution to world fish food supply and the generation of livelihood opportunities, this academic paper aims to recognize the distinguishing features of aquaculture, learn about its advantages, and dig into three major issues posed against it, namely fish feed extraction, aquatic diseases, and general environmental degradation. Given the abundance of literature on aquaculture, the reach of this paper is minimal. In either scenario, one of the paper’s value-added features is a revised status of global aquaculture and a modern framework for solving the above problems.
The global demand for fish supply will inevitably grow over the next decade as a result of growing population and urbanization. Aquaculture has been described as a potential long-term option for maintaining food protection and better nutritional quality in emerging, third-world, and poorest-of-poor areas. According to estimates, it has provided a major contribution to the global food supply. Currently, though, “there are a few concerns that, if not handled properly, may jeopardize the success of aquaculture and global fisheries in general.” “Environmental destruction, decreased water safety, disease, enhanced fish feed consumption from the world’s fisheries, and a lack of legislation and control” are only a couple of the problems (Lehane, 2013). If aquaculture does not resolve these problems urgently, fish intake will be limited, and less developing countries will be sensitive to these improvements.
In this regard, the aim of this paper is to provide a brief description of aquaculture as well as to address the facts behind these alleged problems. If these claims are real, how can these concerns be handled from the standpoint of designated foreign organizations such as the FAO, as well as a Marine Biologist’s perspective?